PCOS stands for Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. It is a common hormonal disorder that affects individuals with ovaries, typically during their reproductive years. PCOS is characterized by a combination of symptoms, and its exact cause is not fully understood.
What is an PCOS?
What causes PCOS?
The exact cause of PCOS is not fully understood. It is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Insulin resistance and hormonal imbalances play a role in the development of PCOS.
What are the symptoms of PCOS?
Common symptoms include irregular menstrual periods, ovulatory dysfunction, hyperandrogenism (acne, hirsutism, male-pattern baldness), and polycystic ovaries. Some individuals with PCOS may also experience weight gain, insulin resistance, and metabolic abnormalities.
How is PCOS diagnosed?
Diagnosis is typically based on a combination of symptoms, medical history, and specific diagnostic tests. Blood tests may be conducted to measure hormone levels, and imaging studies such as ultrasound may be used to examine the ovaries.
Can PCOS cause fertility issues?
Yes, ovulatory dysfunction in PCOS can lead to fertility issues. However, many women with PCOS can conceive with appropriate management, which may include lifestyle changes, medications to induce ovulation, and fertility treatments if needed.
Can PCOS be treated?
While there is no cure for PCOS, its symptoms can be managed effectively. Treatment may involve lifestyle modifications (diet, exercise, weight management), medications to regulate menstrual cycles and manage symptoms, and, in some cases, fertility treatments.
Can PCOS be passed down from parent to child?
There is a genetic component to PCOS, and it may run in families. However, the exact inheritance pattern is complex, and not everyone with a family history of PCOS will develop the condition.
What You Need to Know Before Your Appointment
It’s best to be prepared when coming in for your appointment and therefore we recommend bringing the following when you visit us
All Previous Investigations
This includes any X-rays, MRI, CT Scans and their reports, new as well as old
List of Your Medications
A well formed list of medications will help us decide which medications will not react with others you might be taking
Previous Surgery Documents
If you have undergone a surgery before, any documents pertaining to that time will be helpful in understand what was done at that time