Infertility is a medical condition characterized by the inability to conceive or maintain a pregnancy after a year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. It is important to note that infertility can affect both men and women, and it is a common issue faced by couples worldwide.
What is an Infertility?
When should a couple seek medical help for infertility?
If a couple has been actively trying to conceive for at least one year without success, they should seek medical evaluation. For women over the age of 35, evaluation may begin after six months of unsuccessful attempts.
What are common causes of infertility in women?
Common causes include ovulation disorders, blocked fallopian tubes, uterine abnormalities, endometriosis, and age-related factors.
What are common causes of infertility in men?
Common causes include issues with sperm production, quality, or delivery. Factors such as low sperm count, poor sperm motility, and abnormal sperm morphology can contribute to male infertility.
How is infertility diagnosed?
Diagnosis involves a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests. These tests may include hormone level assessments, semen analysis for men, imaging studies (ultrasound), and procedures like hysterosalpingography (HSG) for women.
What is assisted reproductive technology (ART)?
ART includes procedures where eggs and sperm are handled outside the body. Common ART methods include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and embryo transfer.
What is in vitro fertilization (IVF)?
IVF is an ART procedure where eggs and sperm are combined in a laboratory dish to create embryos. One or more embryos are then transferred into the uterus.
Is infertility treatable?
In many cases, infertility is treatable. Treatment options may include medications to stimulate ovulation, intrauterine insemination (IUI), IVF, and other assisted reproductive technologies. The appropriate treatment depends on the specific cause of infertility.
Are there lifestyle factors that can affect fertility?
Yes, lifestyle factors can impact fertility. Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol intake, managing stress, and adopting a healthy diet can contribute to reproductive health.
Can age affect fertility?
Yes, female fertility declines with age, particularly after the age of 35. Advanced maternal age is associated with a decrease in the quantity and quality of eggs.
How long does fertility treatment take?
The duration of fertility treatment varies. Some individuals may conceive after one treatment cycle, while others may require multiple cycles or different approaches. Patience and persistence are often key.
How can couples cope with the emotional aspects of infertility?
Coping with infertility can be emotionally challenging. Seeking support from healthcare professionals, joining support groups, and considering counseling can help couples navigate the emotional aspects of the journey.
What You Need to Know Before Your Appointment
It’s best to be prepared when coming in for your appointment and therefore we recommend bringing the following when you visit us
All Previous Investigations
This includes any X-rays, MRI, CT Scans and their reports, new as well as old
List of Your Medications
A well formed list of medications will help us decide which medications will not react with others you might be taking
Previous Surgery Documents
If you have undergone a surgery before, any documents pertaining to that time will be helpful in understand what was done at that time